Video Tutoriales

Android Game Programming 2. Drawing an image using SurfaceView.

In this little tutorial we are going to see how to print an image in the android screen directly. First we are going to extend a View and then we are going to use a SurfaceView object that is a more direct (low level) way. We are going to use SurfaceView because we want complete control over the screen.

Create a new android project

 

Project name: killthemall-training

Application name: Kill Them All

Package name: com.edu4java.android.killthemall

Activity: Main

 

Step 1 priting with onDraw using View

 

package com.edu4java.android.killthemall;

import android.app.Activity;

import android.os.Bundle;

import android.view.Window;

 

public class Main extends Activity {

    /** Called when the activity is first created. */

    @Override

    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

        requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);

        setContentView(new GameView(this));

    }

}

package com.edu4java.android.killthemall;

import android.content.Context;

import android.graphics.Bitmap;

import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;

import android.graphics.Canvas;

import android.graphics.Color;

import android.view.View;

public class GameView extends View {

      private Bitmap bmp;

 

      public GameView(Context context) {

            super(context);

            bmp = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(), R.drawable.icon);

      }

      @Override

      protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {

          canvas.drawColor(Color.BLACK);

          canvas.drawBitmap(bmp, 10, 10, null);

      }

}

In the View implementation the onDraw method is called directly by the holder in a code we can not see when the View is created. The holder is the object that contains the View.

When we implement the version extending SurfaceView the onDraw method is not called. Then we have to call it explicitly.

In order to call onDraw we need the Canvas object to pass as a parameter. You can think in the Canvas as a blackboard where we can draw what we want. Another problem is when everything is ready to start painting the Canvas.

The solution is to create a callback listener to the holder. In the surfaceCreated method (that is called when the view has been created) we get the Canvas from the holder and then call the onDraw method.

To get the Canvas we use the method lockCanvas that locks the Canvas in order to avoid anyone else drawing when you are drawing. Once you finish drawing we have to unlock the Canvas calling unlockCanvasAndPost method.

We have to take into account that during the time we have a resource locked we are losing performance and it is important to minimize the locking time.

 

Step 1 priting with onDraw using SurfaceView

 

public class GameView extends SurfaceView {

       private Bitmap bmp;

       private SurfaceHolder holder;

 

       public GameView(Context context) {

             super(context);

             holder = getHolder();

             holder.addCallback(new SurfaceHolder.Callback() {

 

                    @Override

                    public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {

                    }

 

                    @Override

                    public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {

                           Canvas c = holder.lockCanvas(null);

                           onDraw(c);

                           holder.unlockCanvasAndPost(c);

                    }

 

                    @Override

                    public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format,

                                  int width, int height) {

                    }

             });

             bmp = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(), R.drawable.icon);

       }

 

       @Override

       protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {

             canvas.drawColor(Color.BLACK);

             canvas.drawBitmap(bmp, 10, 10, null);

       }

}